SWITZERLAND, JANUARY – The Ministry of Interior has explained three ways of acquiring Nigerian citizenship on Tuesday.
In a series of tweets, the ministry explained that the Procedure for acquiring the Nigerian citizenship has been spelt out in Chapter III of the Nigerian Constitution.
However, before we go into the various ways of acquiring Nigerian Citizenship as prescribed by the law, we must define who a citizen is.
A Citizen is one who is a legally recognised subject or national of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized. Citizens of Nigeria enjoy rights guaranteed in the constitution and also have obligations to discharge to the country.
There are three different ways of acquiring the Nigerian citizenship namely;
A. Citizenship by Birth
B. Citizenship by Registration and
C. Citizenship by Naturalization.
Citizenship by Birth (Section 25 of the Nigerian Constitution)
(a) every person born in Nigeria before the date of independence, either of whose parents or any of whose grandparents belongs or belonged to a community indigenous to Nigeria.
(b) every person born in Nigeria after 1/10/1960 either of whose parents or any of whose grandparents is a citizen of Nigeria; and
(c) every person born outside Nigeria either of whose parents is a citizen of Nigeria.
Citizenship by Registration (Section 26 of the Nigerian Constitution)
1. A person may be registered as a citizen of Nigeria, if the President is satisfied that- he is of good character; he has shown a clear intention of his desire to be domiciled in Nigeria
2. The provisions of section 26 shall apply to – (a) any woman who is or has been married to a citizen of Nigeria; or (b) every person of full age and capacity born outside Nigeria any of whose grandparents is a citizen of Nigeria.
Citizenship by Naturalisation (Section 27 of the Nigerian Constitution)
1. Subject to the provisions of section 28, any person who is qualified in accordance with the provisions of this section may apply to the President for a certificate of naturalisation.
2 No person shall be qualified to apply for naturalisation, unless he satisfies the President that – he is a person of full age and capacity; he is a person of good character; he has shown a clear intention of his desire to be domiciled in Nigeria;
He is, in the opinion of the Governor of the State where he is or he proposes to be resident, acceptable to the local community in which he is to live permanently, and has been assimilated into the way of life of Nigerians in that part of the Federation;